Ethical Principles of Publishing an Article

Charter and Ethical Standardsof theJournal of Quantitative Economics (former Economic Studies)

The ethical principles of this journal are taken from the charter and standards of research ethics, which was compiled by the Research Ethics Committee in the Center for Research Planning and Policy-Making of Science, Research and Technology, Deputy of Research and Technology in 2011. This charter and ethical standards outline some ethical boundaries and responsibilities for conducting economic studies to prevent the incidence of conscious or unconscious research violations by the authors of the article.

Academic research plays a critical role in the destiny of human societies by producing and critique knowledge and technology and presenting strategies for social change. Therefore, researchers are expected to present valid scientific findings in order to be effective in improving the destiny of society based on which the scientific community can provide the basis for the development of knowledge. In the meantime, observing ethical principles and behaviors in conducting and publishing research is one of the main factors in trusting its findings. Ignoring the standards of ethics in research, consciously or unconsciously, reduces the scientific validity of research findings and complicates the process of science production.



Duties of Authors:

-   The submitted articles should be in the specialized field of the journal and have been prepared scientifically and coherently, based to the standard of the journal.

-   The submitted articles should be the original research of the author(s) and any use of other people’s research should be mentioned in the article. The research should be conducted accurately and objectively and the data should be reported correctly.

-   The authors are responsible for the accuracy and precision of the content of the articles and they are obliged to ensure the accuracy and precision of the content of the articles. The publication of an article does not imply confirmation of its contents by the journal.

-   The authors have no right to resubmit an article. In other words, the article or part of it should not be published in any other journal inside or outside the country or be in the process of being judged and published.

-   Authors are not allowed to “overlapping publications”. Overlapping publication means publishing the data and findings of your previous articles with a slight change to an article with a new title.

-   In case of need to use the content of others, the authors are obliged to make an accurate reference of them and, if necessary, use the required resources after obtaining written and explicit permission. When the exact quotes of other researchers are used, the reported speech rules as well as punctuation should be observed, such as placing the quotation in the quotation marks (“….”).

-   The corresponding author should make sure that the names and specifications of all authors involved in the preparation of the research article are presented and no additional name is included. In other words, adding “honorary author” and omitting “real author” should be avoided.

-   The corresponding author is obliged to ensure that all authors of the article have read it and agreed upon its presentation and their position in the article.

-   In case of any error or inaccuracy in the submitted manuscript, the authors are obliged to inform the journal, take actions to correct it, or retrieve the article.

-   Any hazards posed to humans or the environment by research should be clearly stated in the article.


Unethical Research and Publication Behavior:

If at any stage of submitting, judging, editing, or publishing an article in Quarterly Journal of Quantitative Economics (former Economic Studies), or after it, one of the following issues is ensured, it is considered Unethical Research and Publication Behavior, and the journal board has the right to deal with it legally.

Data Forgery:

It is the reporting of unrealistic contents and the presentation of fictitious data or results as laboratory results, experimental studies, or personal data. Unrealistic recording of what did not happen or the transfer of the results of various studies are examples of this contravention.

Data Distortion:

It is the recording and presentation of research results in such a way that the details of the research or data collection process are manipulated, or data is deleted or changed, or some small results are magnified to hide larger facts so that the research results are pursued for specific purposes or to prevent the presented results from being questioned.


It includes close adaptation of the thoughts and expressions of other authors, copying in the expression of ideas, structural similarities in the text or attributing the ideas and results of others without making a proper reference, and introducing it as a genuine scientific research.

Scientific Hiring:

It means that the authors hire another person to do the research and after the end of the research, make a minor revision and publish it in their own name.

Unrealistic Attribution:

Unrealistic attribution of the author(s) to an institution, center, and educational or research group that did not play a role in the original research.

Resubmit an article, overlapping publications, add “honorary author” or omit “real author”.


Observing Unethical Cases:

In case of observing unethical cases, Quarterly Journal of Quantitative Economics (former Economic Studies) reserves its right to suspend judging procedures before publication or delete the article afterwards. These cases will be announced to the authors after reviewing the case by the editorial board and the necessary action will be taken accordingly.


In order to observe the ethical principles indicating the scientific accuracy of the research and not to publish or submit it to other journals, the corresponding author is obliged to send the commitment form at the time of submitting the article as a supplementary file (Commitment Form No.1,2,3).

The publication of articles in this journal does not imply endorsement by the authors.