نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بیضا، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، بیضا، ایران

2 گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

This paper examines the non-linear relationship between CO2 emissions and economic development using an innovative dynamic panel threshold technique. The sample consists of 35 developed countries over the period 2003-2010. The empirical results indicate that there is a threshold effect in the relationship between economic growth and pollutant emissions as suggested by the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). In particular, at the early stage of economic development below the estimated threshold value, more growth deteriorates the environmental problems. However, after this threshold value further growth serves as a solution to the environmental problems. Accordingly, promoting economic growth and becoming rich in the long run, is necessary to solve the environmental problems arising from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the short run and in the early stage of economic growth, focus on investments in environmentally friendly technology and on the use of renewable energy is necessary for mitigating the pollution effects of economic progress.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Environmental Kuznets Curve: new evidences based on a dynamic panel threshold model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roohollah Zare 1
  • Seyed Aziz Arman 2

1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Beyza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Beyza, Iran

2 Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

چکیده [English]

This paper examines the non-linear relationship between CO2 emissions and economic development using an innovative dynamic panel threshold technique. The sample consists of 35 developed countries over the period 2003-2010. The empirical results indicate that there is a threshold effect in the relationship between economic growth and pollutant emissions as suggested by the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). In particular, at the early stage of economic development below the estimated threshold value, more growth deteriorates the environmental problems. However, after this threshold value further growth serves as a solution to the environmental problems. Accordingly, promoting economic growth and becoming rich in the long run, is necessary to solve the environmental problems arising from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the short run and in the early stage of economic growth, focus on investments in environmentally friendly technology and on the use of renewable energy is necessary for mitigating the pollution effects of economic progress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • CO2 emissions
  • Economic Growth
  • Environmental Kuznets curve
  • Threshold effects
  • Dynamic panel threshold

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