نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 استاد اقتصاد دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

در دهه‌‌های اخیر از یک‌سو بحران‌های مالی و از سوی دیگر تغییرات زیست‌محیطی به‌ویژه تغییرات اقلیم و گرمایش جهانی جوامع بین‌المللی را با مشکلات عمده‌ای مواجه ساخته است. از این رو مدل‌های مختلفی جهت تجزیه و تحلیل و ارائه راه‌حل‌های جامع به‌منظور مرتفع نمودن مشکلات مربوط به رابطه بین اقتصاد، محیط‌زیست و انرژی ظهور پیدا کنند که از بین آن‌ها می‎توان به مدل‎های E3 اشاره کرد. در این مقاله به بررسی مدل E3 (رشد اقتصادی، انرژی و محیط‌زیست) در ایران برای دوره زمانی 1392-1353 با استفاده از روش تخمین‌زن گشتاورهای تعمیم‌یافته‌ پرداخته می‌شود. نتایج مطالعه نشان می‌دهد که اثر مصرف انرژی و آلودگی محیط زیست بر رشد اقتصادی مثبت و معنی دار است. همچنین اثر رشد اقتصادی بر مصرف انرژی مثبت و معنی دار است. در نهایت مصرف انرژی و رشد اقتصادی اثر مثبت و معنی‌داری بر آلودگی محیط زیست در ایران دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Economic Growth, Energy and Environmental: The Analysis of E3 Model in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Rouhollah Nazari 1

چکیده [English]

In the recent decades on the one hand the financial crisis and on the other hand the environmental changes particularly climate changes and global warming have made the international communities face major problems. Therefore various models for analysis and providing comprehensive solutions to resolve problems of the relationship between economy, environment and energy have emerged and the E3 models are one of them. This paper analyzes the E3 model during 1974-2013 using Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results show that the energy consumption and environmental impact on economic growth is positive and significant. Also the impact of economic growth on energy consumption is positive and significant. Finally energy consumption and economic growth have positive and significant effect on the environmental pollution in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Growth
  • Energy
  • Environmental
  • Generalized Method of Moments (GMM)
  • Iran

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