اثر درآمدهای نفتی بر رابطه علّی توسعه مالی-رشد اقتصادی در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای علوم اقتصادی

2 استاد گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم و فرهنگ اسلامی

چکیده

ارتباط میان عملکرد بخش واقعی و بخش مالی توجه مطالعات بسیاری را به خود معطوف کرده است. با این وجود، در حالی که اجماعی نسبی میان اقتصاددانان درباره اثر مثبت توسعه مالی بر رشد اقتصادی وجود دارد، رابطه علّی بین این دو هنوز محل مجادلات بسیاری است. به علاوه در غالب مطالعات رابطه توسعه مالی و رشد اقتصادی بدون توجه به عوامل پیرامونی مؤثر بر آن‏ها مورد بحث قرار گرفته است. به همین دلیل، مطالعات اندکی به بررسی اثر نفت بر عملکرد بازارهای مالی پرداخته‏اند. مقاله حاضر تلاش می‏کند تا با مطالعه اثر درآمدهای نفتی بر رابطه علّیت توسعه مالی و رشد اقتصادی، پاسخی به تفاوت رابطه علّی مالی-رشد در کشورهای وابسته به منابع نسبت به کشورهای توسعه‏یافته دارای اقتصادهای تولیدمحور ارائه دهد. این مقاله با بکاگیری الگوی تصحیح خطای برداری به انجام آزمون علّیت سه‏متغیره میان رشد اقتصادی و شاخص‏های منتخب توسعه مالی و نیز شاخص چندبُعدی توسعه مالی (که با استفاده از روش تجزیه مؤلفه‏های اصلی استخراج شده است)، با لحاظ نمودن شاخص سهم درآمدهای نفتی از درآمدهای دولت در الگو طی سال‏های 1352 تا 1389 می‏پردازد. یافته‏های این تحقیق گویای آن است که بر خلاف نتایج آزمون علّیت دومتغیره که علّیت معکوس از رشد به توسعه مالی را نشان می‏دهد، نتایج آزمون علّیت سه‏متغیره این حالت انفعالی را در مورد برخی از شاخص‏های توسعه مالی رد کرده و در مورد سایر شاخص‏ها نشان می‏دهد که این رابطه علّی یک‏طرفه در حضور درآمدهای نفتی تضعیف می‏شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Oil Revenues on Causality of Finance-Growth in Iran

چکیده [English]

The relationship between real and financial sector have focused the attention of many previous studies. Although there is an approximate consensus among economists about the positive effect of financial development on economic growth, the causality between these two is still challenging. In addition, in most studies the finance-growth nexus has been discussed without considering the effective environmental factors. Hence, a few studies had investigated the effect on financial markets performance. By studying the effect of oil revenues on causal relationship between financial development and economic growth, the present article attempts to offer an answer to the distinct in finance-growth causality between resource-based developing countries and production-oriented developed economies. This paper considers the ratio of oil revenues as a share of total government revenues in Iran during 1352 to 1389. It tests tri-variate causality between economic growth and some indicators of financial development in the presence of inflation rate during 1352 to 1389 by using VECM model and also multilateral index of financial development which derive from principle component analysis. The findings indicate that in contrast with the results of bi-variate causality tests which indicate the adverse causality from growth to finance, the results on tri-variate causality tests in the presence of high inflation rates reject this passive effect in some cases of financial development indexes and this one-way causal relation become weaken in the case of others.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • financial development
  • financial markets
  • Oil
  • Economic Growth
  • Causality Test

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